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Tips on Pronouncing Nahuatl

Tips on Pronouncing Nahuatl

This page is intended for academic use as a tool to help students hear a native speaker of Nahuatl (Catalina de la Cruz Cruz) pronounce words and phrases. None of the files on this page or the rest of the site should be used without prior consent, and can never be used for commercial purposes.

Esta página fue creada para uso académico solamente con el fin de que los estudiantes del náhuatl pueden escuchar a una nativo hablante (Catalina de la Cruz Cruz) pronunciar palabras y frases. Ninguna parte de esta página o sitio se puede usar sin consentimiento previo y expreso. Ninguna parte se podrá usar para propósitos comerciales.


First rule of thumb, if you speak Spanish, default to pronouncing Nahuatl like Spanish over any other language. Nahuatl has very specific sounds that did not derive from Spanish nor should they be mistaken with Spanish, but the two languages have developed together over the course of the last 500 years. Nahuatl was put into the Latin alphabet by early modern Spanish speakers, thus written Nahuatl is closer to Spanish, than French or English.

With that in mind, open your mind, and get ready to pronounce Nahuatl.


The “C”  Sound

Like Latin American Spanish the “C” in Nahuatl makes an “S” sound when it is followed by an “I” or “E.” When followed by any other vowel it sounds like a “K.”

Ce – One

      ce

Cecec – Cold, a cold thing

      cecec

Caxtolli – Fifteen

      caxtolli

Cualli – Good

      cualli_2

Cihuatl – Woman

      cihuatl

The “X”

In Nahuatl the X is pronounced like the “Sh” in American English.

Xochitl – Flower

      xochitl

Xihuitl – Year, Leaf, Herb

      xihuitl

The “Tl,” in any part of a word

What is represented by two letters should be considered a one letter sound that is a “T” sound with air being pushed from both sides of the tongue. This is undoubtedly one of the most difficult sounds to recreate as a student of Nahuatl. There is nothing quite like it in English or Spanish. Listen closely to how Caty ends her words with “tl,” and how the “tl” sound is special in any part of the word, such as, tlacatl

Mazatl – Deer

      mazatl

Tlacatl – Man

      tlacatl

Pahtli – Medicine

      pahtli

Etl – Bean

      etl

Tetl – Rock

      tetl

The “Hu” Sound

The Hu produced a sound very similar to the “W” in American English. Let the vowel that follows the “Hu” guide the sound. Hu+a = Wa, Hu+I=We, Hu+e = Wee (as in Wet). Thus, Cuahuitl, sounds like kwa-we-tl

Cuahuitl – Tree

      cuahuitl

Cihuatl – Woman

      cihuatl

Qu, Cu

The “Qu” and “Cu” sounds can cause some confusion because they are similar in apperance. “Que” sounds just like Latin American Spanish’s “que,” or American English’s “Ke” as in “Kelp.” “Qui” sounds just like American English’s “KEY.” “Cui” sounds like the “Quee” in “Queen” in American English. “Cue” sounds like “Coo-eh” in American English. Finally, “Cua” and “Qua” are interchangeable and sound like the “Qua” in “QUADRANT” in American English.

Cueloa – To bend or fold something

      cueloa

Cui – To grab something

      cui

Ximoquetza – Get up

      ximoquetza

Tlacua – Eat

      tlacua

Quiza – Leave, emerge, or exit

      quiza
Human Rights, Indigenous Peoples and Extractive Industries Across the Americas – 2/1/2013 at the University of Arizona

Human Rights, Indigenous Peoples and Extractive Industries Across the Americas – 2/1/2013 at the University of Arizona

Human Rights, Indigenous Peoples and Extractive Industries

   Across the Americas

University of Arizona, Center for Latin American Studies Human Rights Initiative

                                   and                                                    

Indigenous Peoples Law and Policy Program, Rogers College of Law

Friday, February 1, 2013

8:30am – 6pm

Arizona Historical Society

949 E. 2nd Street

The objective of this one day conference is to bring to the fore a range of issues and concerns with regard to natural resource extraction on indigenous lands across the Americas. Drawing on a human rights framework the conference participants examine some of the multiple, complex responses by indigenous peoples to the social, juridical and environmental dimensions of extraction. Recent examples from Chile to Mesoamerica to the United States, Canada and the Russian Far North illustrate the timeliness of such an examination.

 

The conference intends to facilitate a meaningful exchange of ideas and practices among social science and legal scholars, activists and between the university and the community at large. We broaden our scope geographically to open a discussion about the commonalities and contradictions that ordinary indigenous people face on their homelands. The Center for Latin American Studies will interview and film with each participant at the conference about their work. These five minute video clips will be made available on their UA LAS website.

 

Provisional Program

 

8:00 coffee

 

8:30 Yaqui Pascua opening ceremony( not confirmed)

 

8:45 Dean JP Jones, College of Social and Behavioral Science – Welcome

9:00 Professor Linda Green, Director, Center for Latin American Studies, Associate Professor of Anthropology – opening remarks, moderator

 

KeyNote

9:15  Dr. Salvador Aquino, anthropologist, CIESAS, Pacifico Sur,  Cuidad de  Oaxaca, Mexico  “Si a la vida, no a la mineria: Large scale mining exploitation and the challenges confronting indigenous peoples in Mexico”

 

10:15 coffee break

 

Panel

10:30 Professor Benadict Colombi, Assistant Professor of Anthropology, American Indian Studies, UA, “Kamchatka: Mapping Indigenous Cartographies and Extractive Industries”

11:00 Professor Dana Powell, Assistant Professor of Anthropology, Appalachian State University  “Extractive Industries have productive effects: Energy activism on the Dine Nation”

11:30 Mr. Manuel Prieto, PhD student, School of Geography and Development, UA “The Chilean Water Reforms: Mining and Dispossession of the Atacameno People”

12:00 Mr. Cory Schott, PhD candidate, Dept. of History, UA “Colonial Histories of Indigenous Peoples and Extractive Industries in the Americas

12:15 Mr. Sebastian Quinac, “Reporting from the “Encouentro del Pueblos de MesoAmerica “, Sierra de Oaxaca, January 2013

 

12:30 Discussion

 

12:45-1:30 lunch hosted by LAS and IPLPP

 

1:30 Professor Robert A.Williams, Jr., E. Thomas Sullivan Professor of Law and American Indian Studies,  Faculty Co-Chair, Indigenous Peoples Law and Policy Program,UA- “Indigenous Peoples’ Human Rights to Ancestral Lands in Historical and Contemporary Perspective:Hul’qumi’num Treaty Group v. Canada”

2:30 Professor James Hopkins, Indigenous Peoples Law and Policy Program, UA, “Rio Yaqui Land and Water Rights and the Agro-Chem Industrial Complex”

3:00  Ms. Seanna Howard, Staff Attorney, Indigenous Peoples Law and Policy Program—“Maya Community of Southern Belize and Western Shoshone: Indigenous Peoples and the Inter-American Human Rights System”

3:30 “Arizona Tribes, Extractive Industries and Indigenous Human Rights”- (speaker TBA)

4:00

Mr. Austin Nunez, Chairman, San Xavier District, Tohono O’odham Nation—Mining, Water and O’odham lands (not confirmed)

Mr. Vernon Masayesva, Founder and Director of The Black Mesa Trust and former Tribal Chairman of The Hopi Nation—coal mining, water and Hopi lands (not confirmed)

 

4:30 Discussion

 

5:30-6:15 Closing Ceremony and Performance – Institute for Latin American Studies Leaders, cultural exchange from Bolivia, Paraguay and Peru.

 

Co- sponsors: American Indian Studies, Institute for the Environment, Confluence Center, Department of History, School of Anthropology, School of Geography and Development

 

A Talk by Sebastian Quinac, a Kaqchikel Maya, at the University of Arizona

A Talk by Sebastian Quinac, a Kaqchikel Maya, at the University of Arizona

 

The Department of History at the University of Arizona Presents:

 

From Guatemala to the US: One Man’s Story of Social Organization

 

A talk by Sebastian Quinac

 Director of Project Ayuda

Tucson, AZ

Tuesday November 13, 5:30-6:30 pm

Social Sciences 128

 

Sebastian will share his account of the 1980s Guatemalan Civil War as a Kaqchikel Maya from the Highlands of Guatemala. This talk will focus on his involvement organizing indigenous communities which began in1976 and ended in 1983, when Sebastian left his country due to state-violence. Sebastian will also discuss his experience as a refugee in the US, juxtaposing the work he did in Guatemala with his endeavors in the US. Contact Edward Anthony Polanco for more information eapolanco@email.arizona.edu

First Meeting of the International Congress on “The Indigenous Peoples of Latin America” — CFP

First Meeting of the International Congress on “The Indigenous Peoples of Latin America” — CFP

*First Meeting of the International Congress on**
Indigenous Peoples in Latin America, 19th-21st Centuries.
**Advances**, Perspectives, and Challenges*

* *La Academia Mexicana de Ciencias, El Centro de Investigaciones y
Estudios Superiores en Antropología Social, El Colegio de Etnólogos y
Antropólogos Sociales, A.C., El Colegio de Michoacán, A.C., El Colegio de
Sonora, El Colegio Mexiquense, A.C., El H. Ayuntamiento de Oaxaca de
Juárez, El Instituto Cultural Oaxaca, El Teatro Macedonio Alcalá, The
Institute for The Study of the Americas (the University of North Carolina
at Chapel Hill), The Teresa Lozano Long Institute of Latin American Studies
(the University of Texas at Austin), La Universidad Autónoma “Benito
Juárez” de Oaxaca, La Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, La Universidad de
Buenos Aires, La Universidad de Cartagena, La Universidad de La Frontera,
La Universidade Federal Fluminense, and La Universidad Nacional de La Pampa.


INVITATION TO

*First Meeting of the International Congress on “The Indigenous Peoples
of Latin America, 19th-21st Centuries. Advances, Perspectives, and
Challenges,” *to be held from *28-31 October 2013* at the Instituto
Cultural Oaxaca, Oaxaca City, Mexico.

*1. First Call: Call for** Symposium Proposals*

Call for symposia for the *First Meeting of the International Congress on
“The Indigenous Peoples of Latin America, 19th-21st Centuries. Advances,
Perspectives, and Challenges,” *to be held from 28-31 October 2013 at the
Instituto Cultural Oaxaca in Oaxaca City, Mexico.

Describing and understanding the “Other” has been a constant objective for
over 500 years; yet the concepts of the indigenous that were established in
the 16th and 17th centuries are very different to those that were
elaborated in the 18th and 19th century and subsequently reconstructed in
the 20th and 21st centuries. Diachronic and comparative analysis can bring
us closer to these concepts and so help us to understand historical and
contemporary processes, even though our visions of the past and the present
diverge and are often contradictory, both as expressed by contemporary
students of the indigenous question and by social actors themselves.
Nonetheless, it would seem that there is a common goal: that is, to
understand and explain societies which, from the various disciplinary
perspectives of the social sciences and humanities, form a vital part of
the social structure. For all this, the merely partial analysis of a
fragment of a society, in this case indigenous people, creates more
problems for understanding the past, the present, and the prospective
future, given that interactions involving other social component are
lacking. Many of these social components both influence, and are deeply
influenced by their interactions with indigenous people, for example, the
Church, the State, the Army, private landowners, or social intermediaries;
in socio-ethnic terms, we should also include indigenous of partially
African descent, mulattos, *mestizo, *and whites. For this reason, we
should emphasize the importance of these interactions to the objective
study of indigenous peoples, while paying special attention to the
proposals articulated by indigenous peoples themselves and their conception
of society at large, both now and in the past.

This said, we believe that it is important to conduct an analysis of the
political, economic, social, and cultural roles that were played by the
various societies that developed post-Independence from the captaincies and
viceroyalties of Spanish America; this analysis should continue through
Latin America’s many republican phases, address the construction and
gradual recognition of multicultural societies, and register the demands
made by many indigenous organizations and intellectuals as constitutive
parts of a broad contemporary debate about indigenous peoples.

*Call for Symposium Proposals*

The themes around which symposia will be organized are as follows:

– Social Movements and resistance
– Education
– Postcolonial Studies
– Agrarian Studies
– Territorialities
– Identities
– *Indigenismo*
– Multiculturalism
– Interculturalism
– Meanings of citizenship
– Natural resources
– Migration
– Gender

Symposium Proposals

a) In this first stage, we invite symposium proposals involving a maximum
of five participants, including the coordinator.

Subsequently, we will seek individual paper proposals for consideration and
inclusion in the symposia approved by the Organizing Committee.

b) The coordinators of each symposium will be responsible for
organizing and submitting their proposal and, once the call for individual
papers has been made, for selecting the five members of the symposium.

c) Proposals for symposia must be registered on the Congress
website www.congresopueblosindigenas.org following its publication on
*22 October
2012 and before 1 February 2013.*

d) Coordinators of symposium proposals will receive a
confirmation email.

2. Approval of Symposia

a) Proposals for symposia will be reviewed by an Academic Committee of
recognized specialists drawn from the co-organizing institutions. Proposals
for symposia will be considered on the basis of the Congress’s main themes
and using the following additional criteria: clear argumentation and
thematic development; intellectual coherence; clarity of presentation;
relevance of content.

b) The list of approved symposia will be published on the Congress website
www.congresopueblosindigenas.org on* 1 March 2013*. The second Call for
Individual Papers for inclusion in the symposia will be made on the same
date and remain open until *30 June 2013*. All decisions are final.

Sincerely,

The Committee

https://www.facebook.com/CIPIAL

congreso.pueblos.indigenas@gmail.com

Primer Congreso Internacional – Los Pueblos Indigenas de America Latina –CFP

Primer Congreso Internacional – Los Pueblos Indigenas de America Latina –CFP

*Los pueblos indígenas de América Latina, siglos XIX-XXI.*

*Avances, perspectivas y retos*

* *

La Academia Mexicana de Ciencias, el Centro de Investigaciones y Estudios
Superiores en Antropología Social, el Colegio de Etnólogos y Antropólogos
Sociales, A.C., El Colegio de Michoacán, A.C., El Colegio de Sonora, El
Colegio Mexiquense, A.C., el H. Ayuntamiento de Oaxaca de Juárez, el
Instituto Cultural Oaxaca, el Teatro Macedonio Alcalá, The Institute for
The Study of the Americas (the University of North Carolina at Chapel
Hill), The Teresa Lozano Long Institute of Latin American Studies (the
University of Texas at Austin), la Universidad Autónoma “Benito Juárez” de
Oaxaca, la Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, la Universidad de Buenos
Aires, la Universidad de Cartagena, La Universidad de La Frontera, la
Universidade Federal Fluminense y la Universidad Nacional de La Pampa.

convocan

al *Primer Congreso Internacional* *“Los pueblos indígenas de América
Latina, siglos XIX-XXI. Avances, perspectivas y retos”*, que se realizará
del 28 al 31 de octubre de 2013 y que tendrá como sede el Instituto
Cultural Oaxaca en la ciudad de Oaxaca, México.

*
*

*1ª. CIRCULAR*

*CONVOCATORIA para presentar propuestas de simposios*

Se convoca a presentar simposios para el *Primer Congreso Internacional* *“Los
pueblos indígenas de América Latina, siglos XIX-XXI. Avances, perspectivas
y retos”*, a celebrarse del 28 al 31 de octubre del 2013 en la ciudad de
Oaxaca, México.

El describir y entender al “otro” ha sido un objetivo constante durante más
de 500 años; sin embargo, no es lo mismo, la concepción que se pudo tener
de y sobre lo indígena durante el siglo XVI y XVII a la que se construyó en
el siglo XVIII, la que se plasmó en el siglo XIX y a la que se reconstruyó
durante los siglos XX y XXI; sin embargo, los análisis diacrónicos y
comparativos nos acercan al análisis de concepciones que permiten entender
los procesos históricos y contemporáneos. Las visiones que sobre el pasado
se tienen divergen y en mucho llegan a ser contradictorias, no solamente
para los estudiosos de ahora sino para los propios actores del momento; sin
embargo, parecería que la meta puede ser la misma, esto es, entender y
explicar sociedades, que desde la perspectiva de las diversas disciplinas
de la historia, etnohistoria, antropología y ciencias afines son una parte
importante del engranaje social. Sin duda, el contar con un análisis de una
parte de las sociedades, en este caso los indígenas, puede causar problemas
de comprensión de ese pasado, presente y futuro, ya que faltarían
componentes sociales que en mucho influyen y se ven influidos en su
interacción con los pueblos indios, como por ejemplo, los funcionarios
civiles, la Iglesia, los propietarios privados, el ejército, el Estado
republicano, etcétera, o en términos socio-étnicos, como negros, mulatos,
mestizos, blancos, aspectos que no soslayan la importancia de analizar de
una manera objetiva el acontecer de los pueblos indígenas, así como las
propuestas que de ellos emergen hacia las sociedades mayores.

Consideramos importante realizar un análisis en torno al papel (político,
económico, social, cultural) que han tenido las sociedades que se fueron
conformando después de la independencia política de los diversos
virreinatos y capitanías de la América española, pasando por los diversos
republicanismos latinoamericanos, la conformación de sociedades
multiculturales hasta las demandas de las diversas organizaciones e
intelectuales indígenas que conforman un amplio debate en la actualidad
sobre el acontecer de los pueblos indígenas.

* Convocatoria a presentar simposios*

Las temáticas en las que se agruparán los simposios presentados en el
Congreso son las siguientes:

– Movimientos sociales y resistencia

– Educación

– Estudios en torno al poscolonialismo

– Tierras

– Territorialidades

– Identidades

– Indigenismo

– Multiculturalismo

– Interculturalidad

– Visiones sobre ciudadanía

– Recursos naturales

– Migración

– Género

1. Propuesta de Simposio

a) Esta primera etapa abre la convocatoria a presentar simposios con
un máximo de cinco participantes, incluyendo al coordinador.

Posteriormente, se convocará a la presentación de trabajos independientes
que puedan ser incluidos en los simposios aprobados por el Comité
Organizador.

b) Los coordinadores de cada simposio serán los responsables de
conformar y presentar la propuesta y, posteriormente, escoger a los otros
cinco integrantes a partir de la convocatoria abierta a todos los
interesados.

c) Cada propuesta de simposio deberá registrarse en la página web
www.congresopueblosindigenas.org y estará abierta a partir de su
publicación *22 de octubre de 2012 * al *1 de febrero de 2013*.

d) Quien proponga el simposio recibirá un correo electrónico en el que
se le acusa de recibido.


1. Aprobación de simposios

a) Las propuestas de simposios serán revisadas por un Comité
Académico conformado por especialistas miembros de las instituciones
co-organizadoras, quienes a partir de las temáticas propuestas aprobarán
los simposios bajo criterios relacionados con la argumentación o la
sustentación de la temática; coherencia en el desarrollo de las ideas;
claridad en la presentación; y, pertinencia del contenido.

b) La publicación de los simposios aprobados se darán a conocer en la
página web www.congresopueblosindigenas.org del congreso el *1 de marzo de
2013*. La convocatoria abierta a presentar trabajos para los simposios
aprobados por el Comité Organizador se podrá realizar a partir de la
publicación hasta el* 30 de junio de 2013*. Sus decisiones serán
inapelables.

Atentamente

El Comité Organizador
https://www.facebook.com/CIPIAL
congreso.pueblos.indigenas@gmail.com

Upcoming Talks at Rancho Los Alamitos

Upcoming Talks at Rancho Los Alamitos

Sunday, March 18, 2012
1pm and 2pm
Favorite Tales of the Acjachemem People – Adelia Sandoval, Cultural Director of the Juaneño Band of Mission Indians, will delight all ages with tales of the native Acjachemem people. Two duplicate sessions. Reservations required.

Sunday, March 18, 2012
3pm – 5pm
A Native American Woman’s Perspective on Zorro – Adelia Sandoval of the Acjachemem Tribe of Native Americans will discuss the novel Zorro from two views: first, as a descendant of the Mission Indians who lived on that land pre-Spanish conquest and second, her view as a modern female spiritual leader of her tribe. Sandoval will also share her views of the main characters in the novel. Reservations required.

Saturday, March 24, 2012
10am – 11:30am
Native American Arts: The Art of Basket Making and Native Cuisine – Abe Sanchez, a prominent weaver of Southern California Native American basketry, will demonstrate and display hand-crafted native basketry and food preparation in the style of the Tongva, the earliest inhabitants of the L.A. Basin. Attendee and lunch reservations are required, space is limited. Suggested donation of $10 to cover costs.

Saturday, March 24, 2012
1pm – 2:30pm
The Tongva/Gabrielino Tribe at the Time of the Ranchos: Native American Perspective – Craig Torres, educator and descendant of the Native American Tongva tribe, will describe the culture and lifestyle of the Tongva/Gabrielino Native Americans in the early 1800s. Their thriving villages in the L.A. Basin will be explored through maps, historic photos, artifacts, and personal histories. Reservations required, space is limited. Visitors may reserve a box lunch for $10.

Jump to their page for more info.